Shaking the World

Minor Prophets XV: Haggai Outline The Longest Introduction Ever Around 600 B.C. the first Jews began going into captivity in Babylon. Jeremiah had announced that God was with Babylon now, and any who surrendered would be spared (Jer. 27). Jehoiachin King of Judah surrendered under one siege and went into captivity, and Daniel and Ezekiel…

The Day of Joy & Judgment

Minor Prophets XIV: Zephaniah 1-3 Introduction Zephaniah is a prophecy of God’s coming in judgment on Jerusalem, but Zephaniah gives us a glimpse of the joy that drives the judgment. The Text: Zephaniah ministers during the reign of King Josiah, probably around 639-629 B.C., before the fall of Nineveh (1:1, cf. 2:13) and probably before…

The Way of Faith

Minor Prophets XIII: Habakkuk 1-3 Introduction Habakkuk is the record of a prophet’s discussion with God about justice, and God’s answer becomes a gospel tagline fulfilled in Jesus, in each of us, and in His Church. The Text: Immediately following the identification of the prophet, Habakkuk cries out to the Lord concerning the injustice in…

God Against Us

Minor Prophets XII: Nahum Introduction Nahum is the prophesy of the destruction of the great city of Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrian Empire. Nahum finishes the story of Jonah, insisting on God’s justice and mercy. Historical Sketch Assyria is first mentioned as one of Adam’s landmarks along the Tigris River (called Hiddekel in Gen….

Unshakeable Hope

Minor Prophets XI Micah 4-7 Introduction Micah’s name means “Who is like Yahweh?” And this seems to be the main thrust of Micah’s call to repentance. It is not the threat of punishment that primarily drives him, though that is mentioned. The primary thought driving Micah is the astounding mercy of Yahweh. The Text: Chapter…

Covetousness and New Hearts

Minor Prophets X Micah 1-3 Introduction Micah ministers in the southern kingdom of Judah towards the end of the 8th Century B.C. He ministered during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah (Mic. 1:1) when the northern kingdom of Israel/Samaria fell to the Assyrians in 722 BC (2 Kings 17). The Text: Like Amos before…

The Sovereignty of Joy

Introduction We are “Reformed” Christians which means that we understand our place on the family tree of Christendom as a branch descended from the Protestant Reformation and specifically, an English strand of the Reformation represented by the Westminster Confession of Faith. One of the most central, distinguishing features of the Reformed faith is our celebration…

The Provoking Mercy of God

Minor Prophets IX: Jonah Introduction Jonah is the most famous minor prophet. Jonah ministered during the same era as Hosea and Joel, during the days of Jeroboam II (2 Kings 14:25) – probably early 8th century B.C. 50-70 years before the fall of the northern kingdom of Israel to the Assyrians in 722 B.C. In…

The Provoking Mercy of God

Minor Prophets IX: Jonah Introduction Jonah is the most famous minor prophet. Jonah ministered during the same era as Hosea and Joel, during the days of Jeroboam II (2 Kings 14:25) – probably early 8th century B.C. 50-70 years before the fall of the northern kingdom of Israel to the Assyrians in 722 B.C. In…

Grace for Ungracious Brothers

Minor Prophets VIII: Obadiah Introduction Obadiah is the smallest book of the Old Testament. Obadiah is a book dedicated to the descendants of Esau, Jacob’s older twin brother. Obadiah is a little book, but it has an important message for brothers. Background Amos mentions Edom in his litany of judgments at the beginning of his prophecy…