When the Church began to announce its gospel, this gospel of an inaugurated golden age [from the Roman poets] had been in the air for some time. Christians challenged the very claim advanced by the imperial [Roman] eschatology: Augustus, they said, is not the eschatological king; Jesus is. Rome is not the final empire and order of humanity; the Church is. There is one August king, but he is not the nephew of Julius Caesar; he is the son of God and of Mary.
-Peter Leithart, Against Christianity, 60-61.